Healthcare is one such industry which will thrive on innovation to become more affordable and less invasive. Regular technological innovations have transformed the face of different industries and big data analytics in one such development which is changing the face of Healthcare industry. The healthcare industry previously generated data aimed at record keeping, for compliance & regulatory requirements, and for use in patient care at hospital level. Majority of the data was stored in the form of hard copy but due to the rapid digitization organizations have now started converting it to digital form. The data includes the complete background of the patient and including the disease history and medical history. This data holds the key to support a wide range of medical and healthcare functions, which include clinical decision support, disease surveillance, and population health management. The existing analytical techniques with integration with the related health and medical data can be used to reach a deeper understanding of prognosis, which can be applied to reach better treatment results. This data would aid each doctor physician in a better decision-making and help him/her to determine the most appropriate treatment option for that particular patient.
Integration of Big Data and IOT(Internet of Things)
Moving to the next level this big data in combination with IOT can do wonders in transforming the preventive Healthcare. Diagnostic Industry in India is quite unregulated, however a careful integration of big data with diagnostics can do wonders in helping a patient in minimizing the chances of occurrence of a diseased condition.
These require use of sensors and combined applications of Big Data and IOT to come up with gadgets which can work at different levels form preventive to prophylaxis level.
Below mentioned are the examples of few of those gadgets-
- Wearable gadgets to monitor your sleeping pattern, which can help a physician in generating a customized treatment plan.
- Wrist gadgets which will send alerts to doctors in case of critically ill diseased condition.
- Gadgets which work in integration with mobile applications to track about the daily medicine intake of a patient.
- Wearable gadgets for infants and toddlers to inform their mothers and doctors about a possible disease in near future.
Big Data at the level of Clinical Trials
In case of clinical trials the process requires to analyze the data and generate reports, Big Data can be used by pharmaceutical companies to generate reports quicker which can aid in speeding up the process of getting regulatory approvals.
How big data can change the face of healthcare at mass level
Since it is evident that future healthcare practices will be in the hands of careful integration of big data with clinical practices, in a country like India where healthcare is not able to reach the masses, where we top the list of infant mortality rates, government can leverage the existing technology to help healthcare reach at the grass root level.
- At the district level patient history data can be maintained at the government hospital which will help the physician to suggest the proscription in a better way. All the government doctors are overworked and the use of technology will not only help them in understating their patients in a better way ,but this also will help them in reducing the per patient time and this way they will be able to cater to more patients.
- At village levels government can tie-up with a healthcare company to provide wearable gadgets to be worn my infants and toddlers which will keep the track of all the vital parameters of the baby and in need will alert the parents by an alarm so that the parents can take their babies to the doctors in right time. This can help in bringing down the infant mortality rate significantly.
3.At the urban population level the gadgets can be provided at a subsidized prices by the government to the younger and elder population which will track all the vital parameters and alert the patient and their physician if any diseased condition is about to occur.
This way personalized, predictive medicine and targeted medicine treatment plans can be developed. Big Data holds the future and will be a key factor in developing sustainable healthcare solutions, and in collaboration with the government it will help in improving treatment plans and increase access of healthcare to deeper levels. Different existing products like fitness apps, nutrition apps, yoga and exercise apps, blood pressure and sugar level monitoring apps, weight control and fat burning apps are a few examples of healthcare industry using big data technology which has been successful in providing fitness solutions to the users.
A systematic and sincere effort from the government and healthcare companies can be a potential solution in transforming the face of the healthcare industry in India and since our biggest problem is the increasing population it’s high time that we assist the problem at the level of asses and with collaboration if healthcare practitioners and companies we can make a healthy and fit India.